ADRi Occasional Paper: “Philippine Defense Modernization: A comparison between Horizon 2 and the military modernization of Indonesia and Vietnam”

It is with pleasure that we share with you our Occasional Paper for September entitled “Philippine Defense Modernization: A Comparison Between Horizon 2 and the Military Modernization of Indonesia and Vietnam” written by Gregory Wyatt of Pacific Strategies and Assessments (PSA) Philippines Consultancy. The paper compares the recent efforts of the Philippines, Indonesia, and Vietnam to upgrade their respective militaries.

While Indonesia and the Philippines aim to address internal and external issues, Vietnam seems to be preparing for a potential maritime conflict. This conclusion is supported by a comparison of weapon acquisitions, security challenges, and military strategies. The Philippines and Indonesia share similar concerns, thus, the analogous steps taken by both countries.

In the paper, Gregory delves deeper into these factors and the contexts of each state. He also analyses budgets, domestic defense industries, national political dynamics, and international prestige and their effect on modernization strategies.

We hope you will find the paper interesting and helpful in gaining insights on the modernization of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.


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